Login
migraeneinformation.de-Login

Am 10.05.2016 feiert migraeneinformation.de sein 12-jähriges Bestehen

Zum Miginfo-Shop

Zum Miginfo-Shop

Migräne - Heilung ist möglich

Klüger werden und Demenz vermeiden

Wie Übergewicht entsteht ... und wie man es wieder los wird

Gesund abnehmen ohne Jojo-Effekt

Die egoistische Information. Eine Theorie des Lebens

Die Fälle Caster Semenya und Julija Jefimowa. Kontroversen bei der Olympiade 2016 in Rio de Janeiro

Zum Migräne-Radar

Migräneanfall bei Migräne Radar melden
Migräne-Umfrage 

Laufende Umfrage
Seit wann leiden Sie unter Migräne?

Letzte Umfrage

Welches Angebot von migraeneinformation.de schätzen Sie besonders?

Forum    84,9%
News    83,6%
Umfragen    27,4%
Termine    19,2%
Links    11,0%
Infos zu Medikam.    26,0%
Infos zu Ernährung    71,2%
Infos zu Therapien    27,4%
Online-Tests    43,8%
Migräne-Kalender    20,5%


Apotheken finden

zur Apothekennotdienstsuche auf aponet.de

Medikamente: Günstig!

MediPreis ... und nicht zu viel gezahlt

Medpreis.de ... Ihr gesunder Preisvergleich

migraeneinformation.de >> News-Artikel


migraeneinformation.de.


Ein erhöhter Konsum gezuckerter Getränke erhöht das Risiko für Typ-2-Diabetes [Ernährung]
25 Aug 04

Amerikanische Studie deutet auf Zusammenhang zwischen Softdrink-Konsum und Typ-2-Diabetes hin

Women who drink higher amounts of sugar-sweetened beverages have an increased risk for developing type 2 diabetes and gaining weight, according to a study in the August 25 issue of JAMA, the Journal of the American Medical Association.

According to background information in the article, type 2 diabetes mellitus affects about 17 million U.S. individuals. The prevalence of diabetes and obesity has increased rapidly during the last decades, coinciding with an increase in soft drink consumption in the United States by 61 percent in adults from 1977 to 1997, and a more than doubling of soft drink consumption in children and adolescents from 1977-1978 to 1994-1998. Soft drinks are the leading source of added sugars in the U.S. diet, and may increase the risk of diabetes because they contain large amounts of high-fructose corn syrup, which raises blood glucose similarly to sucrose. Evidence has been limited on the link between sugar-sweetened soft drinks and risk of type 2 diabetes and obesity in adults.

Matthias B. Schulze, Dr.P.H., formerly of the Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, and colleagues examined the relationships between sugar-sweetened beverage consumption and weight gain and diabetes risk. The diabetes analysis included 91,249 women free of diabetes and other major chronic diseases at baseline in 1991. The weight change analysis included 51,603 women for whom complete dietary information and body weight were ascertained in 1991, 1995, and 1999. The women were part of the Nurses’ Health Study II. The researchers identified 741 cases of type 2 diabetes during the follow-up.

The researchers found that women with stable consumption patterns had no difference in weight gain, but weight gain over a 4-year period was highest among women who increased their sugar-sweetened soft drink consumption from 1 or fewer drinks per week to 1 or more drinks per day (average weight gain, 10.3 pounds for 1991 to 1995 and 9.3 pounds for 1995 to 1999) and was smallest among women who decreased their intake (2.9 pounds and .3 pounds for the two periods, respectively) after adjusting for lifestyle and dietary factors. Increased consumption of fruit punch was also associated with greater weight gain compared with decreased consumption. After adjustment for potential confounders, women consuming 1 or more sugar-sweetened soft drinks per day had a 83 percent increased risk for type 2 diabetes compared with those who consumed less than 1 of these beverages per month. Similarly, consuming one drink or more per day of fruit punch was associated with twice the risk for diabetes compared with consuming less than one drink of fruit punch per month.

“In conclusion, our findings suggest that frequent consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages may be associated with larger weight gain and increased risk of type 2 diabetes, possibly by providing excessive calories and large amounts of rapidly absorbable sugars. Public health strategies to prevent obesity and type 2 diabetes should focus on reducing sugar-sweetened beverage consumption,” the authors write. (JAMA. 2004; 292:927-934. Available post-embargo at JAMA.com)

Editor’s Note: This study was funded by a research grant from the National Institutes of Health. Dr. Schulze, now with the German Institute of Human Nutrition, Nuthetal, Germany, was also supported by a European Association for the Study of Diabetes/American Diabetes Association Trans-Atlantic fellowship and a fellowship of the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD). Co-author Dr. Frank B. Hu is the recipient of an American Heart Association Established Investigator Award.

Editorial: Sugar-Sweetened Soft Drinks, Obesity, and Type 2 Diabetes

In an accompanying editorial, Caroline M. Apovian, M.D., of Boston Medical Center and Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, writes that the data in the study by Schulze et al reveal that women with a higher intake of sugar-sweetened soft drinks tended to be less physically active, smoke more, have higher intake of total calories and lower intake of protein, alcohol, magnesium, and cereal fiber.

“In addition, intake of total carbohydrates, sucrose, and fructose, as well as overall glycemic index, was higher in these women. In essence, these women have dietary patterns and lifestyle habits that lead to increased risk of several disease states, including obesity, type 2 diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. Perhaps the take-home message is that a simple question about sugar-sweetened beverage consumption can alert the primary care clinician to patients’ unhealthy eating and lifestyle habits. Sugar-sweetened beverage consumption as a marker of an unhealthy lifestyle has the potential of being a quick screening test for increased risk of obesity and type 2 diabetes, but it requires validation,” Dr. Apovian writes.

"From a public policy perspective, this study should help to convince the U.S. Department of Agriculture to redefine guidelines for sugar consumption, especially in soft drinks. In addition, the government should support local efforts to banish soda machines from schools or replace soft drinks with healthier options (e.g., not sugar-sweetened fruit drinks). School-based programs can play an important role in preventing obesity," the author writes. "Because of the large amount of calories in sugar-sweetened soft drinks and the relationship between consumption of these drinks and weight gain, reducing sugar-sweetened beverage consumption may be the best single opportunity to curb the obesity epidemic. However, convincing individuals to alter their behavior will require major educational and public health efforts that have not been forthcoming."




Kommentare (0)


[Zurück]  [Inhalt drucken]  [Inhalt weiterleiten]  [Top]  
 


©migraeneinformation.de 2004 - 2017



Dienstag, 21. Februar 2017

Online-Tests und Tools.

Hypoglykämisch?
Testen Sie auf Kohlenhydrat-Intoleranz!
Habe ich Migräne?
Ermitteln Sie Ihren Kopfschmerztyp!
Welchen BMI habe ich?
Berechnen Sie Ihren Body-Mass-Index!
Kalorienverbrauch?
Berechnen Sie Ihren Tagesumsatz!
Eisprungrechner
Berechnen Sie Ihre fruchtbaren Tage!


Online-Kalender.

Migränekalender
Berechnen Sie Ihre Migräne-Last!
Schmerzkalender
Verfolgen Sie Ihre Schmerzstärke!
Trigger-Kalender
Analysieren Sie Ihre Migräne-Trigger!


Medikamente.

Bewertung von Medikamenten
Kommentare zu Medikamenten


Biowetter.

...bei Donnerwetter.de
Täglich aktualisiertes Biowetter für Migräne und andere Leiden


WetterOnline
Das Wetter für
Frankfurt am Main


Neue Links.

25 Jun 15
Foodpunk
24 Jun 15
Healthline Video: Migraine and Severe Migraine
17 Feb 15
Nutrition value
Weiter zur Applikationsseite


 Migräne-Blog
Februar 2017
Mo Di Mi Do Fr Sa So KW
    01 02 03 04 05 5.
06 07 08 09 10 11 12 6.
13 14 15 16 17 18 19 7.
20 21 22 23 24 25 26 8.
27 28           9.
Januar  
12 Jul 2014 20:30 [Peter]
Migräne-Tipps von Dr. Per Mertesacker
Kommentare (0)
14 Apr 2013 22:00 [Peter]
Wenn man tot sein will
Kommentare (0)
09 Apr 2013 22:46 [Peter]
Jessica Biel: Paparazzi machen Migräne und Bauchweh
Kommentare (0)
Weiter zur Applikationsseite



Vermischtes.
Bahn Auskunft & Buchung
KBV Arztsuche
Aponet Apothekensuche


Langeweile?.
Supermind
Siggi Seepferdchen
Remember 4 Colours
Packets
Koffer packen
Black Jack
Audio Remember
Blocker
Puzzle
Virusbuster
Scrollpuzzle